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Sweetening Hong Kong with Re-Designation of Shenzhen as Demonstration Area
2019年8月26日
Armored carriers line up during drills at the Shenzhen Bay Stadium, Aug. 18, 2019 (Photo Provided by:アフロ)

 On August 18, China re-designated Shenzhen as a “pilot demonstration area of socialism”. Its objective is to complete One Country, Two Systems through the economic initiative for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area (Greater Bay Area) to win Hong Kong over to China’s side. The government is using Shenzhen for that purpose.

*Direction from the Communist Party of China Central Committee and the State Council

 The Xinhua News Agency reported on August 18 that the Communist Party of China Central Committee and the State Council issued a document “Opinions on Support for Designating Shenzhen as Pilot Demonstration Area of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics” (hereinafter “Opinions”) on August 9.

 In China, because Mao Zedong began to use the phrase “Some Opinions on…,” the most authoritative directives are often issued in the form of “(Some) Opinions on…”

 The opening of the Opinions says something along these lines:

  1. Shenzhen, which played a major role as a special economic zone at the beginning of the reform and opening-up, has now grown into the most dynamic and attractive internationalized innovative city.
  2. (As clearly stated in Xi Jinping Thought) Now, the socialist state with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era. In line with it, the government supports Shenzhen’s leading the reform and opening-up in the new era, and designates Shenzhen as a pilot demonstration area of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
  3. It will certainly help achieve the development strategy of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area and enrich the new practice for the development of the One Country, Two Systems project.

 The Greater Bay Area links Guangdong, Hong Kong, and Macau. This initiative was originally proposed in 2017, and fully commenced when the Communist Party of China Central Committee and the State Council formally issued the Outline Development Plan in February 2019. At first, the plan was to create a bay area comparable to New York, San Francisco, and Tokyo, which are called the world’s three largest bay areas.

 However, the government issued a new initiative to aim at development and prosperity as the world’s brightest and most advanced city, instead of being equal to those three largest bay areas in the world.

 “Opinions” of this kind often have the most important matters at the end of them. As is often the case, the main point of the Opinions in question is obviously the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area targeting Hong Kong.

*   Letting Pro-China Youth in Hong Kong Speak

 The evidence is that the Global Times, a newspaper affiliated with the People’s Daily, the official organ of the Communist Party of China, published an article entitled “China to Build Shenzhen into Pilot Demonstration Area of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics—Expert: It Will Help Embrace Hong Kong Youths in Nation’s General Situation.”

 This article includes the following.

–The announcement of the Opinions has created a sensation in Hong Kong. Hong Kong must concentrate on the economy and civil administration and actively integrate into the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area so as not to miss this opportunity. For example, Mr. Jacky Chung Kit Ko, Chief of the Society and Public Welfare Study Group of the Y.Elites Association, said “These incentives will allow us, youths in Hong Kong, to comprehensively integrate and be embraced into the nation’s general situation.”

 The phrase “these incentives” in the words of the youth in Hong Kong refers to the sentence “Hong Kong and Macao residents who work and live in Shenzhen will be granted the citizenship of Shenzhen” in the Opinions.

 This is like calling for abandoning Hong Kong.

*Completion of One Country, Two Systems by Taking the Backbone Out of Hong Kong

 In addition to that, the Opinions include:

(1)   A national science center will be established in Shenzhen to assist in the establishment of high-tech labs including ones focused on 5G, AI, IT, and biotechnology.

(2)   State-owned enterprises in Shenzhen will be reformed and a free trade area will be set up.

(3)   Based on the premise that compliance with the Constitution, laws, and administrative regulations is ensured, a certain degree of freedom will be granted to enact laws, administrative regulations, or local regulations specific to Shenzhen, depending on needs for implementing the innovation reform.

 Although not explicitly stated, application for land tenure will also probably be simplified in Shenzhen, and the City of Dongguan might even be finally merged into the City of Shenzhen.

 Actually, one important factor restricting Hong Kong’s development is its limited land area. Hong Kong citizens suffer from traffic jams in their daily lives due to narrow roads. If Hong Kong and Shenzhen are united and the land problem is solved, Hong Kong citizens, who are suffering from land scarcity, should be interested. As a result, Hong Kong citizens may choose to move to Shenzhen to benefit from its citizenship—this is Beijing’s calculation.

 These Opinions are also a policy to ensure that Shenzhen will become the center of the Greater Bay Area and that resources will no longer be poured into Hong Kong as in the past. In light of this, the possibility cannot be ruled out that Shenzhen will be upgraded to a direct-controlled municipality.

 At the same time, it can be said that Xi Jinping has sent out a rival in the battle between the United States and China (I will discuss this separately).

The above is the true meaning of the “Opinions”.

 

(This paper was written on 20 August)

遠藤 誉
1941年中国生まれ。中国革命戦を経験し1953年に日本帰国。「中国問題グローバル研究所」所長。筑波大学名誉教授、理学博士。中国社会科学院社会学研究所客員研究員・教授、北京大学アジア・アフリカ研究所特約研究員、上海交通大学客員教授などを歴任。著書に『「中国製造2025」の衝撃 習近平はいま何を目論んでいるのか』、『毛沢東 日本軍と共謀した男』(中文版・韓国語版もあり)、『チャイナ・セブン <紅い皇帝>習近平』、『卡子(チャーズ) 中国建国の残火』(中文版・英文版もあり)、『チャイナ・ジャッジ 毛沢東になれなかった男』、『チャイナ・ナイン 中国を動かす9人の男たち』、『ネット大国中国 言論をめぐる攻防』、『中国動漫新人類 日本のアニメと漫画が中国を動かす』『中国がシリコンバレーとつながるとき』など多数。 // Born in 1941 in China. After surviving the Chinese Revolutionary War, she moved to Japan in 1953. Director of Chinese Issue Global Research Institute, Professor Emeritus, Doctor of Science at the University of Tsukuba. Member of the Japan Writers Association. She successively fulfilled the posts of guest researcher and professor at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Her publications include “’Chugoku Seizo 2025’ no Shogeki, Shukinpei ha Ima Nani o Mokurondeirunoka (Impact of “Made in China 2025” What is Xi Jinping aiming at Now?), “Motakuto Nihongun to Kyoboshita Otoko (Mao Zedong: The Man Who Conspired with the Japanese Army),” “Chazu Chugoku Kenkoku no Zanka (Japanese Girl at the Siege of Changchun) (including Chinese and English versions),” “Net Taikoku Chugogu, Genron o Meguru Koubou (Net Superpower China: Battle over Speech),” “Chaina jajji — Motakuto ni narenakatta otoko (China Judge: The Man Who Couldn’t Become Mao Zedong),” “Chugoku Doman Shinjinrui: Nihon no Anime to Manga ga Chugoku o Ugokasu (The New Breed of Chinese “Dongman”: Japanese Cartoons and Comics Animate China),” “Chugogu ga Shirikonbare to Tsunagarutoki (When China Gets Connected with Silicon Valley),” and many other books.